15th Century Sailing School Glossary
The first word listed is the correct English term for the part
of the ship, or maneuver, or what have you. The word in the brackets
directly after it is the Spanish word for the same thing.
Unfortunately, I could not find Spanish words for everything.
Here's even more: http://phrontistery.info/nautical.html
Direction towards the stern.
A heavy iron object with flukes, lowered by a line to the bottom of a body of water to prevent a vessel from drifting.
Yelled as a signal for everyone onboard to stop
what they are doing immediately and freeze.
Used only if something is wrong.
Mast support leading aft to deck or to another
To make fast or secure a line to a cleat or pin.
Any of the strong deck posts, usually in pairs,
around which ropes and cables are wound and held fast.
Usually used for mooring.
The working end of a line.
To increase the mechanical power of the ropes used
in hauling heavy loads.
Parts of the Block: Shell, sheave, and pin.
Line from stem to cutwater securing bowsprit.
To which material is sewn going around the edges of
the sail to create the Leech.
Pieces of sail added to the foot of the main sail on
the Santa Maria to create more sail area.
Spar projecting from the stern of the ship to run
the mizzen sheet.
Forward part of the ship.
Lines leading fore from the upper sides of the
square sail to help widen the sail surface to better catch the wind.
Spar extending from the bow to secure headstays and
running the bowlines.
A line passed through a block at the end of a yard,
used to swing the yard about from the deck.
Lines used to clew up the main sail and to assist in
Mooring line leading at a right angle to the ship's
The upper edge of the side of a ship or boat.
Mechanical device for heavy hoisting or heaving
objects like the anchor, dinghy or cargo.
The cabin found on the aft of the Santa Maria.
A wooden fitting with projecting ends attached to
the deck of a ship for the purpose of securing a rope.
Lower corner of a sail marked by a loop of leather
Ropes connecting the clews of the sail with the
yard, used in raising, lowering, and furling of the sail.
Lines connecting the main deck with the yard arms to
act against the lifts.
A round flat block of wood with three holes in it
for lanyards, used in pairs to hold the shrouds and stays taut.
Planked floor of the ship.
The small boat on deck.
To lower or slacken suddenly.
Pieces of sail added to the foot of the bonnet on
the Santa Maria to create more sail area.
Closed loop of rope.
Upper corners of the sail, these are tied to the
outer ends of the yard arms.
This means to play out some line, but with control.
A platform on top of the Santa Maria's main mast
used to work on the top mast.
Underneath the forecastle.
Bottom edge of the sail.
Raised forward deck of the ship.
Forward most mast of a square rigger.
Square sail that works on the fore mast.
Direction towards the bow.
To roll the sail snugly on the yard and secure it.
Each of two yards attached to the end of a yard and
are wound inward to secure a furled sail to the yard.
Rope ring sewn into the sail.
Aft deck above the main deck.
Line used to raise the yard.
Rope loop used to connect the tye to the yard.
Large rectangular openings in the deck used to
connect different levels of the ship.
This command is an order to pull on the line.
Openings on the bow and stern of a vessel used for
mooring lines and the anchor cablesto feed through.
Top edge of a square sail.
Back bone of the ship running beneath the ship from
fore to aft.
A bitt or large cleat used for securing heavy lines.
Aft rigged sail secured to a long yard and hoisted
obliquely to our mizzen masts.
Small line fixed on the shrouds that is threaded
through the deadeyes to put tension on a shroud or stay.
Side edges of a square sail and the after edge of a
Line secured to a piece of lead marked at regular
intervals to test the waters for depth.
Away from the source of the wind.
Lines used to control the angle of tilt of a yard.
A rope or cable used on board a ship.
To unfurl a sail.
Come close to the wind, or the edge of a lateen sail
along the yard.
The principal deck of a ship, usually the highest
The largest mast, located roughly amidship.
Used to clew up the sail.
When lowering a yard, the lines of the halyard
between the blocks are gripped tightly and twisted to prevent their slipping.
Short mast at the stern of the ship for the lateen
The angled yard of the Mizzen sail.
The act of docking the ship when in port, or the
lines used for this.
String of rolling beads around the mast connected to
the middle of a yard.
Left side of the ship when looking fore from the
Lines used to secure the sail to the yards.
Large wooden plane attached vertically to the stern
of the ship to cause the ship to change course when needed.
Flexible vertical airfoils using wind pressure and
vacuum to propel a sailboat.
Slits in the caprail at deck level so that water can
be sloughed off the main deck as it accumulates.
Space between two planks or the stitching holding
two pieces of cloth together.
Lines leading aft from the clew of a square sail, or
to the boomkin from the clew of a lateen sail.
Small square sail hanging under the bowsprit on the
Santa Maria. Stand By Prepatory order to get ready to perform a task.
Right side of the ship when looking fore from the
Lines used to secure the mast from fore and aft.
The rear of the ship, where the rudder is located.
Partial rear deck raised above the half deck.
A four sided sail.
Change ships direction by turning into the wind.
Line leading fore from the clew of a square sail,
or from the inboard end of the mizzen yard so as to fix the mizzen yard's position.
Steering handle attached to the rudder.
Second mast above the main deck of the Santa Maria,
worked on from the fighting top.
Square sail set above the main sail on the top mast.
Line connecting the harness of a yard to a halyard.
Change ships direction by turning away from the wind
and looping back around to a new course. Easiest way to change course.
Towards the source of the wind.
A slender rod or spar, tapering towards the ends,
fastened at right angles across a mast to support a sail.
Ends of the yard.